What is myoma of the uterus, what are its symptoms and consequences
Any woman who is worried about her health. should know what is fibroids, what are the signs of this disease and what may be the consequences of ill-treatment to a doctor.
Reduction of the muscles of the uterus (myometrium), associated withmenstrual cycle, causes the formation of stress zones in them. Such zones provoke the formation of myoma nodes and the further development of the tumor of the uterus. Myoma is a benign tumor that forms in myometrium. It is a tangle of chaotically intertwined smooth muscle fibers and looks like a knot of round shape. These knots can reach very large sizes and even grow to a weight of several kilograms. In medical practice, the case of a 63-kilogram uterine tumor is known. Most of the nodules have a size from a few millimeters to several centimeters.
Each individual node of myoma is the result ofwrong division of smooth muscle cells. For this reason, all the cells in the tumor are identical. Scientists, studying what a uterine myoma, came to the conclusion that the nature of tumor formation depends on the overall hormonal background. In order to prove this statement, physicians cite the following factors:
- detection of sex hormones in the tumor;
- the formation of myoma in a period of high estrogen levels;
- regression of fibroids in menopause;
- formation of a tumor in postmenopause, after taking hormonal preparations containing estrogen.
Women who are in the stage of reproductiveage, uterine myoma is considered to be the most common tumor. At the age of 30 years before the onset of menopause myoma is observed in every third woman.
Factors of development
The tendency of a woman's body to form fibroidscan be hereditary. To provoke this disease can inflammatory processes in the appendages and uterus, as well as ovarian dysfunction, leading to excessive formation of estrogens and a lack of progestins. Myoma is often accompanied by a disruption in the endocrine system and the pituitary, hypothalamus, thyroid, and adrenal glands responsible for it. Its appearance can be a consequence of diseases of the liver, lungs, bronchi, pancreas, blood vessels and heart. All these reasons can lead to disruption of the metabolic processes and tissue respiration in the cells of the uterine muscles.
The most vivid evidence of the presence of fibroids are menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) and cramping painful attacks in the lower abdomen.
What is myoma, women are well aware of the abundant bleeding, sometimes leading to anemia. Pain can be sudden, sudden in nature. This is due to the twisting of the leg of the tumor.
Less frequent signs of fibroids include infertility and impaired functions of nearby organs: the rectum and bladder.
Species of myoma
What is myoma, how it grows - it is definitely difficult to answer, because it can have different forms. According to the specific growth of the tumor, the myoma can be:
- interstitial (intermuscular), it sprouts in the thickness of the myometrium;
- chlobus (submucosal), in which case the nodes grow inside the uterus;
- Subserous (subperitoneal) - the nodes grow into the cavity of the peritoneum.
You should know about what a myoma is, because it'sA serious disease that goes into a malignant tumor. That is why a preventive visit to a doctor once a year is extremely necessary. Of all known cases of uterine tumors, only 20% are symptomatic and require mandatory treatment. In cases of asymptomatic fibroids with sluggish growth, a wait-and-see method is used, under the constant supervision of the attending physician. In the treatment of myoma, medicinal therapy, surgical treatment, FUS ablation of fibroids, embolization of uterine arteries and folk remedies are used.