Rupture of the ligament of the knee joint: why does it happen and how to eliminate it?
Rupture of the ligament of the knee joint is a seriouspathology, which requires serious treatment and long-term rehabilitation of the patient. It is characterized by the separation of connective tissue fibers from bone. Often the ligament can simply burst in half.
Why does damage occur and how is it determined?
As it was said, this situation is typical forathletes who are forced to constantly train and keep the muscles in suspense. Sometimes they can not stand and tear. The same situation happens after a direct blow to the knee due to some kind of fall.
Naturally, not only athletes can suffer. For example, to get a rupture of the ligament of the knee joint can be an ordinary person who accidentally stumbled and fell. However, his muscles are not trained, so the injury can be more complicated. To provoke damage to the joint can and skeletal disease. The risk of a rupture increases in the elderly.
Signs of the presented disease are very quickly manifested. The rupture of the ligament of the knee joint is characterized by the following symptoms:
- swelling in the affected area;
- strong painful sensations;
- redness of the skin in the place of injury;
- during the rupture, a distinct crackling is heard;
- a serious restriction in the movements (a person can not only walk, but simply step on foot).
Traditional methods of treatment of pathology
It should be noted that to cope with thethe patient will not be in a situation, therefore in any case he needs the help of traumatologists. The rupture of the ligament of the knee joint is eliminated by means of a set of different procedures. First of all, a cold compress should be applied to the injured area, which will help to partially relieve the pain. In most cases, the patient is prescribed non-steroid drugs ("Ibuprofen", "Diclofenac"), which help to relieve inflammation.
Naturally, the injured person shouldyou can rest more and completely limit your movements. The leg should always be in a raised position. To do this, you can put a pillow or a platen of clothes under it.
To fix the joint, special elastic bandages and bandages are often used. Heat on the foot immediately after injury can not be placed, since it will increase the flow of blood to the damaged area.
For rapid healing of the fracture,special ointments. Naturally, the doctor can prescribe and physiotherapeutic procedures (electrophoresis, UHF), but he does not do it right away. Treatment of rupture of ligaments of the knee joint is performed with the help of massage. However, it is already carried out during the rehabilitation of the patient, as well as therapeutic physical training.
When is surgery used?
If the gap is partial (which is easyis determined by X-ray examination), then the methods listed above are quite sufficient for treatment. In difficult cases, surgery is performed. The rupture of the ligaments of the knee joint by a radical method is also eliminated if the tissues become uncoordinated or traditional treatment has not yielded results.
The operation consists in stitching the damagedfibers. It is done under local or general anesthesia. Very thin tools are used for the intervention, due to which it is not necessary to make large incisions on the skin. In this case, after the procedure, the patient recovers faster, and the period of his rehabilitation is reduced.
If the ligament is not sewn, then autotransplantation of the patient's own tissues to the damaged site is performed. In extreme cases, an artificial prosthesis is used.