Uterine fibroids: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


Experts recommend that women undergopreventive examination at the gynecologist at least once a year. However, in practice only patients who have certain complaints go to the doctor. But women's health, especially after 40, requires careful attention. In fact at this age the risk of occurrence of a hysteromyoma is high. To have an idea of ​​this disease, it is worthwhile to carefully consider the causes of the onset and the symptoms that arise with this disease.

It should be noted that this is benigna tumor can appear and at a young age. Until the end of the cause of its occurrence have not been studied. However, there are several factors that can influence its appearance. These include prolonged prolonged stress and heavy physical work, heredity, certain diseases of the endocrine system. In addition, the risk group includes women who have had abortion, long-term use of oral contraceptives, having chronic inflammations in the female genital area, ovarian cysts, etc.

Myoma of the uterus symptoms is as follows. Firstly, this is an increase in the duration of the menstrual cycle, a very abundant discharge. Secondly, there may be bleeding between the cycles. I must say that even if there is a uterine myoma, the symptoms may not appear for a long time (up to several years). With this disease, pain may appear in the lower abdomen, often they have a whining weak character. Painful sensations sometimes occur during intercourse.

Many women have heard the term "uterine fibroids" thatthis, they do not always know exactly, so they are very afraid of this diagnosis and delay the visit to a specialist. Do not treat this problem as this, as timely diagnosis and treatment can save patients from subsequent problems. Therapy of the disease, of course, appoints a doctor, depending on the severity and course of the disease.

Diagnosis is currently conducted withusing ultrasound examination, examination by a gynecologist. If you suspect a hysteromyoma, the doctor may advise you to do hysteroscopy, a fairly safe, but quite informative method.

It must be said that myoma of the uterus symptoms canhave and such as frequent urination (in case the tumor develops towards the bladder, squeezing it), constipation (if the benign formation grows closer to the rectum), anemia (a decrease in the blood hemoglobin due to prolonged bleeding). In this case, the signs of the disease may not manifest itself clearly.

Treatment of uterine fibroids can take place in twothe main ways: conservative (with the help of drugs) and surgical (operation). The choice of the form of therapy depends on the course of the disease, the age of the woman, the desire to give birth in the future, etc. The doctor, before recommending this or that method, often consults with the patient herself.

In some cases, onlyoperation. Myoma of the uterus in this case is usually large and constantly increases at a rapid pace. Also, surgical intervention is recommended if the symptoms of the disease are often and painfully manifested.

Women, passing a conservative course,it is necessary to be constantly observed at experts (to pass additional inspections not less often time in half a year). This method is aimed at preventing the increase in the size of the tumor, and allows you to keep the uterus. Usually prescribed hormonal drugs, as well as drugs that eliminate concomitant diseases unpleasant symptoms (pain, anemia, etc.). The medicamentous method is allowed to be used only at small sizes of a tumor and its slow development. Knowing what symptoms of uterine myoma there are, you can turn to a specialist in time to help start effective therapy on time.

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