One of the most common femalediseases is cervical erosion. It occurs most often in women aged 25 to 40 years and is a benign formation of the vaginal part of the cervix uteri - a pathological change in epithelial tissues. Since the formation is benign, the risk of conversion to malignant is low, but, in some cases, depending on the type of erosion, there is still.
It is very difficult to detect the disease, sinceInitially, it develops asymptomatically and is found most often with gynecological examination. The pathological process with cervical erosion is characterized by the replacement of normal mucosal epithelium with the cylindrical epithelium of the cervical canal under the influence of unfavorable factors.
The reasons for the appearance of such a commondiseases like cervical erosion, very much - infectious diseases of the genital organs, inflammatory processes of the genital organs in chronic form, mechanical damage (abortions or ruptures during childbirth), decreased immunity.
Cervical erosion is of three types:
- ectopia or pseudo-erosion - changepathological character, in which the cylindrical cells of the cervical canal completely replace the normal cells of the flat epithelium. When gynecological examination, the ectopia has the form of a red section. Pseudo-erosion can remain unnoticed for a long time and without treatment this type of erosion does not pass. In the absence of atypical cells, the risk of degeneration of ectopy into a cancer is very low. The probability of a cancer of the cervix is many times increased in the presence of a papilloma virus with a high oncogenic risk;
- congenital ectopia of cylindrical cellsThe epithelium of the cervical canal looks like the formation of a roundish shape of bright red color. Congenital ectopy appears as early as adolescence and very often disappears independently as suddenly as it does. This type of erosion can rarely be transformed into malignant formation;
- the true erosion of the uterus (the initial stage of ectopia)Also it is revealed at survey and has a kind of a round red spot up to one centimeter in diameter. This type of erosion exists for a relatively short time, up to two weeks, after which it becomes ectopic. The risk of degeneration of this type of erosion into a malignant tumor is also very low.
Depending on the type of disease existing in the patient and the presence of any other concomitant diseases, erosion of the cervix is treated by different methods.
Cervical erosion, treatment
Modern medicine offers quite simpleand fast ways of treatment, but the main condition for successful getting rid of the disease is no initiative, only a qualified doctor will be able to choose the appropriate treatment individually for each patient.
In general, the whole process of getting rid of thisthe disease has three stages. At the initial stage, local anti-inflammatory treatment is performed, which includes procedures such as syringing and baths. For reliable preoperative sanation and prevention of infectious complications in the postoperative period, use fluomizine. This part of the therapy is considered preparatory and can be performed by the patient independently at home. After that, for the final diagnosis, a histological analysis is performed-a biopsy of the cervical tissue. Based on the results of the biopsy and depending on the stage of the healing process, cauterization, cryodestruction or diathermic excision is performed. All these procedures take little time and are almost painless. With the timely detection of the disease, treatment is very effective, therefore, in no case should we neglect regular preventive examinations.