Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder: causes, symptoms, treatment
Life is full of changes and events. Some of them make us happy, others - unhappy, and still others knock the ground out from under the feet. To keep one's mind in a situation where the whole world is collapsing is incredibly difficult, and, unfortunately, not everyone succeeds. A consequence of this are various mental disorders.
Causes of appearance
How does an acute polymorphic psychoticdisorder? The reasons for its appearance are associated with a severe emotional shock that is simply knocking the ground out from under your feet, depriving you of the ability to adequately assess the situation and even in some ways ruining the familiar world.
Establish a full list of reasons that canlead to the emergence of this disease, it is impossible, but its approximate version takes place. An acute polymorphic psychotic disorder develops against the background of:
- death of native people (family members, relatives, friends);
- various situations during which a person is subjected to violence (these can be rape, assault, beating, etc.);
- hobby of narcotic substances;
- lack of sleep for a long time;
- unrequited, hard-lived love;
- failure of the exam.
What else can be the cause?
Based on possible reasons, it is necessary to drawattention to the importance of a healthy regime. An acute polymorphic psychotic disorder can arise due to numerous night wakefulness on the background of overwork. Even if they do not serve as its cause, then in any case, they will hardly add to your health.
In addition, it should be noted thata constant nervous tension can not cause a disease, it only gradually shakes mental health. The reason can only be sudden, unexpected events that give the final push.
How is the acute polymorphic psychoticdisorder? Symptoms of this disease are different. All of them are difficult to enumerate. Since many of them depend on whether an acute polymorphic psychotic disorder occurs with signs of schizophrenia or without it.
However, regardless of this, you can identify a number of "common" symptoms.
First of all, they include nervous breakdowns. They represent a sudden change in the mood and condition of a person. The one who was calm and complacent a minute ago now falls into a state of rabies for no reason at all or with a reason not at all relevant.
If this symptom occurs, you should wait for the relative calmness of the person and send him to an appointment with a specialist who can diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The next symptom is hallucinations. They can be expressed in various forms. Most often with this disease - in the auditory.
Mania of persecution is also a common symptom.
The patient may fall into delirium, he may havethe perception of time or events is disturbed. This is quite common in people who have lost their loved ones. For example, a person can forget that his father has died, and refuse to take this fact as reality.
Speech and thoughts in the person who is ill can also sufferand be slowed down. For example, when communicating with a patient you might think that he does not pay attention to your words, does not react to them, but after a few minutes he can respond.
Each of the forms of the disease is characterized by its ownsymptoms. They help to distinguish them. Do not try to diagnose yourself, without the help of a professional. This is due to the fact that the symptoms are mostly similar. Of course, there are differences between them, but often they are small, and only the person specializing in problems with the psyche can conduct a line between them.
Symptoms of a disease with signs of schizophrenia
Consider in more detail how the acutepolymorphic psychotic disorder with symptoms of schizophrenia. The first feature of the disease with symptoms of schizophrenia is that it passes without bright attacks of aggression. The most common symptoms are:
- loss of time;
- physical activity.
They appear within two weeks from the date of the event that triggered the disease.
It takes three months to treat this type of disease. If during this period it does not pass, then you need to undergo a second diagnosis, because, probably, you have been diagnosed with the wrong diagnosis.
Psychiatrists recommend that people who are prone to schizophrenia undergo periodic tests for this disease. In addition, they recommend preventive treatment.
Disease without symptoms of schizophrenia
An acute polymorphic psychotic disorder without symptoms of schizophrenia is characterized by the following manifestations:
- persecution mania;
- a constant feeling of fear;
- a constant sense of anxiety;
- excited state;
- a person can stop recognizing people he has previously known;
- retardation in thinking;
- retardation in speech.
Features of treatment and diagnostics
A feature of the diagnosis of this diseaseis that it must pass when the patient is in the maximum possible balanced state. It should be held at the personal meeting of the patient and the doctor.
The patient should spend at least forty-eight hours with the doctor so that he can fully assess his condition and make a diagnosis.
How is acute polymorphic psychotic disorder treated? Treatment can be prescribed by a psychiatrist only after the diagnosis and disease are determined.
Most often, medications take part in the treatment. Among them, drugs that improve blood supply to the brain, containing B group vitamins, hypnotics, antipsychotics are used.
It is important to note that outpatient treatment is betterminimize. It is better that the patient is under medical supervision. In addition, it is necessary that he does not remain alone. For recovery loneliness is strictly contraindicated.
After the course of treatment, there are all chances to correct the patient, after three to four months the doctor can remove the diagnosis of "acute polymorphic psychotic disorder."
The treatment is influenced not only by drugs,but also food. To accelerate the recovery, it is recommended to eat more fruits (preferably daily), white chicken meat, white turkey meat, tuna, legumes, eggs, boiled corn.
The food should be a fraction. You need small portions at least four or five times a day. In order for the treatment to be effective, you need to make a diagnosis on time. An acute polymorphic psychotic disorder is not a verdict.
The consequences of ignoring the disease
Ignore the disease can not be, otherwise there can be sad consequences.
In the absence of therapy, the disease canlead to the degradation of the individual. That is, a person has problems with motor activity, confusion of consciousness, he loses memory. Moreover, in especially neglected cases a person may lose the ability to think.
The most dangerous consequence of ignoringdiseases are hallucinations, during which the patient talks about a mission that he must perform. Most often this is a suicidal mission. However, it can harm not only yourself, but also those around you who will be near nevovremya or try to help.
Therefore, if you notice similar symptoms in your loved one, be sure to show it to a specialist. Reinsurance in this case will not be superfluous.
You can not let go of it, in this matter control is important.
Prevention of disease
In case of stress, drink sedatives, preferably of vegetable origin.
Optimism is the best friend. Forget about negative thoughts, they have a detrimental effect on the nervous system.
It will not be superfluous to advise on the regime.Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder can arise in connection with a systematic violation of the working and rest regime. To avoid mental disorders, go to bed and get up at the same time. A healthy sleep is necessary, it is recommended to sleep eight hours a day. And in order to make sleep as effective as possible, you need to sleep in a ventilated room, in darkness and silence.
Walking in the fresh air will also have a positive effect on the body.
Proper nutrition will improve both the immune system and your mood.
And the last, but by no means significant.If something bad has happened to you, do not worry about it alone. Share with family, friends, relatives. It is their support that will give you strength and allow you to move on.